1,000 Most Common Spanish Words
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a partir de from, as of
a través de through, across
a a, to
abajo down, below, downstairs
abandonar to abandon
abrir to open, unlock
absoluto/a absolute
abuelo grandfathers, grandpa
acabar to finish
acaso perhaps, maybe
acción\ciones action
aceptar to accept
acercar to approach
acompañar to accompany
acordar to decide
actitud attitude
actividad activity
acto act
actual present
actuar to act
acudir to go, come
acuerdo agreement
adelante ahead
además de in addition to, besides, furthermore
además in addition, besides, furthermore
adquirir to acquire
advertir to notice, warn
afectar to affect
afirmar to affirm
agua water
ahí there
ahí there
ahora now
aire air
al to, to the
alcanzar to reach
alejar to move away, remove
alemán/mana german
algo something
alguien somebody, someone
alguien somebody
algún some, any
alguno/a some, any
allá there
allí there
alma soul
alto/a tall, high, stop
altura height
amar to love
ambos/bas both
americano/a american
amigo/a friend
amor love
amplio/plia ample
añadir to add
análisis analysis
andar to walk
animal animal
año year
ante before, in front of
ante before
anterior previous
antes de before
antiguo/gua ancient, old
anunciar to announce
aparecer to appear
apenas hardly,scarcely
aplicar to apply
apoyar to support, lean
aprender to learn
aprovechar to take advantage of
aquel that
aquello/a that
aquí here
árbol tree
arma weapon
arriba up
arte art
asegurar to assure
así como as well as, such, like that
así que so, therefore
así like this
aspecto aspect
asunto matter, bussiness
atención\ciones attention
atrás back, behind
atreverse to dare
aumentar to increase, raise
aun even
aún still
aunque though, although
auténtico/a authentic
autor/a author
autoridad authority
avanzar to advance
ayer yesterday
ayuda aid, help
ayudar to help
azul blue
bajar to bring down, lower, go down
bajo/a low, short, faint
barcelona barcelona
barrio neighborhood
base base, basis
bastante fairly, rather
bastar to be enough, suffice
beber to drink
bien well, good
blanco/a white
boca mouth
brazo arm
buen good, well
buscar to look for, to seek
caballo horse
caber to fit, go into
cabeza head
cabo end, stub
cada each
cadena chain
caer to fall
calle street
cama bed
cambiar to change
cambio change
caminar to walk
camino road
campaña countryside
campo field
cantar to sing
cantidad quantity
capacidad capacity
capaz\paces able
capital capital
cara face
carácter/racteres character
carne meat
carrera running
carta letter
casa house
casar to marry
casi almost
caso case
catalán catalan
causa cause, reason
celebrar to celebrate
célula cell
central central
centro center, downtown
cerebro brain
cerrar to close
chica small, girl,litlle
chico/a boy, girl
cielo sky, heaven
ciencia science
científico/a scientific
ciento one hundred
cierto/a true
cinco five
cine cinema, movies
circunstancia circumstance
ciudad city
ciudadano/a citizen
civil civil
claro/a clearly, clear
clase class
coche car, automobile, coach, carriage
coger to take
colocar to place, put
color color
comentar to comment, discuss, mention
comenzar to begin, start
comer to eat
como as, since, like
cómo how
compañero/a partner, companion
compañía company
completo complete, full
comprar to buy, purchase
comprender to comprehend, to understand
comprobar to check
común\munes common
comunicación\ciones communication
con que so long as
con with
concepto concept
conciencia conscience
concreto concrete, specific
condición\siones condition
conducir to drive
conjunto joint, outfit, band
conocer to know, meet
conocimiento knowlogde
consecuencia consequence
conseguir to obtain
conservar to conserve
considerar to consider
consistir to consist
constante constant
constituir to constitute
construir to construct, build
contacto contact
contar to count
contemplar to contemplate
contener to contain
contestar to answer, reply
continuar to continue
contra against
contrario opposite
control control, check
controlar to control
convencer to convince
conversación conversation
convertir to turn into, convert
corazón heart
correr to run, race
corresponder to correspond, belong
corriente current
cortar to cut
cosa thing
costumbre custom, habit
crear to create
crecer to grow, increase
creer to believe
crisis crisis
cruzar to cross
cuadro picture, square, painting
cual as, like
cuál which, what
cualquier any
cuando when
cuanto how much, as
cuánto how much
cuarto/a quarter
cuatro four
cubrir to cover
cuenta count
cuerpo body
cuestión\tiones matter, affair
cultura culture
cultural cultural
cumplir to accomplish, carry out
cuyo/a whose, of whom
dar to give
dato data
de of, from
deber to owe
decidir to decide
decir to say, tell
decisión decision
declarar to declare
dedicar to dedicate
dedo finger, toe
defender to defend
defensa defense
definir to define
definitivo definitive
dejar to leave
del of, from
demás rest of the
demasiado too much
democracia democracy
demostrar to demonstrate
dentro de within, in
depender to depend
derecha right
derecho straight, rigth
desaparecer to disappear
desarrollar to develop
desarrollo development
desconocer to not know, fail to recognize
descubrir to discover
desde que since
desde from, since
desear to wish
deseo desire
despertar to wake up
después de after
después afterwards, then
destino destiny, destination
detener to stop
determinar to determine
día day
diario/ria newspaper
diez ten
diferencia difference
diferente different
difícil difficult
dificultad difficulty
dinero money
dios/diosa god, goddes
dirección address, direction
directo direct, straight
director/tora director, manager
dirigir to direct
disponer to arrange
distancia distance
distinto different
diverso diverse
doble double
doctor/tora doctor
dolor pain
don gift, talent
donde where
dónde where
dormir to sleep
dos two
duda doubt
durante during
duro hard
e and
echar to throw, cast
económico economic, economical
edad age
efecto efect
ejemplo example
ejército army
ejército army
el/a the
él he, him
elección election
elegir to choose, select
elemento element
elevar to elevate, raise
empezar to begin, start
empresa company
en in, into, inside, on
encender to light, switch on, set fire to
encima on top
encontrar to find
encuentro encounter, meeting
energía energy
enfermedad illness, disease, sickness
enfermo ill, sick
enorme enormous
enseñar to teach
entender to understand
enterar to find out, inform
entonces then
entrada entrance, entry
entrar to enter
entre between, among
entregar to deliver, give
enviar to send
época epoch, period
equipo equipment, team
error error, mistake
es decir that is to say
escapar to escape, run away
escribir to write
escritor/tora writer
escuchar to listen, heard
ese/a that
esfuerzo effort, endeavor, exertion
eso that
espacio space
espalda back
españa spain
español/ñola spanish
española Spanish, spaniard
especial special
especie species
esperanza hope, prospect
esperar to hope, wait
espíritu spirit
ésta is
establecer to establish
estado state
estados unidos united States
estar to be, stay
éste/a this one
este/a this
este this
esto this
estrella star
estructura structure
estudiar to study
estudio study, studio
etapa stage
europa europe
europeo/pea european
evidente evident
evitar to avoid
exacto/a exact
exigir to demand
existencia existence
existir to exist
éxito success
experiencia experience
explicar to explain
expresión expression
extender to extend
exterior outside, exterior
extranjero/a foreigner, foreign
extraño strange, foreign
extremo extreme
fácil easy
falta lack
faltar to lack
familia family
familiar familial, family
famoso famous
fenómeno phenomenon
fiesta celebration, party
figura figure, shape
figura to figure
fijar to faten, affix
fin end
final end, final
físico physical, physicist
flor flower
fondo bottom, rear
forma shape
formar to form
francés/cesa french
francés french
francia france
frase phrase
frecuencia frequency
frente in front
frío/a cold, cool
fuego fire
fuente source
fuera de outside of, beyond
fuerte hard, strong
fuerza force, strength
función function
funcionar to work, run, function
fundamental fundamental
fútbol soccer, football
futuro future
ganar to win
general general
gente people
gesto gesture
gobierno government
golpe blow
gracia grace
gran big
grande big, great
grave grave, deep
gritar to shout, scream
grupo group
guardar to keep
guerra war
gustar to taste, like
gusto taste, pleasure, liking
haber to have, has
habitación room, bedroom
habitual habitual, usual
hablar to speak, talk
hacer to do, make
hacia towards
hallar to find, discover
hasta que until, even
hasta until, even
hecho/cha fact
hermana sister
hermano/a brother
hermoso/a beautiful
hija daughter
hijo/a son, daughter
historia history
histórico historical
hombre man
hombro shoulder
hora hour
hoy today
humano/a human
idea idea
iglesia church
igual equal
imagen\imágenes image
imaginar to imagine
impedir to prevent
imponer to impose, command
importancia importance
importante important
importar to matter, be important
imposible impossible
incluir to include
incluso even, in fact
indicar to indicate
individuo individual
información\ciones information
informar to inform
informar to inform
inglés/glesa english
iniciar to initiate
inmediato/a immediate
insistir to insist
instante moment, instant
intentar to try
interés\reses interest
interesar to interest
interior interior, inner
internacional international
introducir to introduce, insert
ir to go
izquierda left
jamás never
jefe/a chief, leader, boss
joven young person
juego game, playing
jugador player, gambler
jugar to play, gambler
juicio judgment, sense
junto a next to
junto together, joined, close
justo just, fair
labio lip
lado side
lanzar to throw
largo long
lector/tora reader
leer to read
lengua language, tongue
lenguaje language
lento slow
levantar to lift, raise
ley law
libertad freedom
libre free
libro book
limitar to limit
línea line
literatura literature
llamar to call, phone
llegar to arrive, come
llenar to fill
lleno full
llevar to take, carry
llorar to cry, weep
lo the for it
loco/a crazy, insane
lograr to obtain, achieve, get
lucha fight, struggle
luego then, later
lugar place
luz light, lighting
madre mother
mal badly, poorly, incorrectly
malo/a bad
mañana tomorrow
mandar to command
manera way, manner
manifestar to declare
mano hand
mantener to maintain
máquina machine
mar sea
marcar to mark
marcha march
marchar to march
marido husband
mas but
más more
masa mass
matar to kill
materia matter
material material
máximo maximum
mayor greater
mayoría majority
mediante by means of
médico/a doctor
medida measurement
medio/dia means
mejor better
memoria memory
menor minor
menos less
menudo small, insignificant
mercado market
merecer to deserve
mes month
mesa it pulls
meter to put
método method
metro meter
mi\mis my, not me
me, not my
miedo fear
miembro member
mientras que whereas, while
mientras while
mil thousand
militar military man
millón million
mínimo/a minimum
ministro/tra minister
minuto minute
mío/a mine
mirada watched
mirar to watch
mismo same
mitad half
modelo model
moderno/a modern
modo way, manner, mode
momento moment
moral moral
morir to die
mostrar to show
motivo reason
mover to move, stir
movimiento movement, motion
muchacho/cha boy
mucho much
muerte death
mujer/jeres woman, women
mundial worldwide
mundo world
música music
muy very, highly
nacer to be born
nacional national
nada nothing
nadie nobody, no-one
natural natural
naturaleza nature
necesario/ria necessary
necesidad necessity,need
necesitar to need
negar to deny
negocio business
negro/gra black
ni siquiera not even
ni nor, neither
niña girl, child
ningún none
ninguno/a no, none, nobody, no one
niño/a boy, girl
nivel level
no no
noche night
nombre name
normal normal
norteamericano/a North American
notar to notice
noticia the news
novela novel
nuestro/tra ours
nuevo/a new
número number
nunca never
o or
objetivo objective
objeto object
obligar to force, oblige
obra work
observar to observe
obtener to obtain, get
ocasión\siones occasion
ocho eight
ocupar to occupy
ocurrir to happen
oficial official
ofrecer to offer
oír to hear
ojo eye
olvidar to forget
operación operation
opinión opinion
origen/rígenes origin
oro gold
oscuro/a dark, obscure
otro/tra another, other
paciente patient
padre father
pagar to pay
página page
país country, nation
países countries
palabra word
papel paper
par pair, couple
para que so that
para for, towars, stop
parar to stop, stand
parecer to seem
pared wall
pareja even, couple, pair
parte part
participar to participate
particular particular, private
partido party, game
partir to start off, depart, slipt, divide
pasado past
pasar to happen, pass
paso step
paso step
paz peace
pecho chest
pedir to request, ask for
película film, movie
peligro danger
pelo hair
pena pain, penalty
pensamiento though
pensar to think
peor worse
pequeño/a small
perder to lose, miss
perfecto perfect
periódico/a newspaper
periodista journalist
permanecer to remain
permitir to allow
pero but
perro/rra dog, bitch
persona person
personaje person
personal personal
pertenecer to belong to
pesar to weigh
peso weight
pie foot
piedra stone
piel skin
pierna leg
piso floor
placer to please
plan plan
plantear to expound, raise
plaza seat, square
pleno full, complete
población\ciones population
pobre poor
poco/a little, few
poder to be able to, can, might, may
policía police
política politics
político political
poner to put
por ejemplo for example
por by, for, per
porque because, why
poseer to posses, own
posibilidad possibility
posible posible
posición\ciones position
práctico practical
precio price, cost
preciso/a precise
preferir to prefer
pregunta a question
preguntar to ask
prensa press
preocupar to worry
preparar to prepare
presencia presence
presentar to present
presente present
presidente president
pretender to try, court
primer first
primero/a first
principal principal
principio beginning, principle
privar deprive
probable probable
problema problem
proceso process
producir to produce
producto product
profesional professional
profesor/sora professor, teacher
profundo/a deep
programa program
pronto/a soon, quick, prompt
propio/pia own
proponer to propose, nominate
provocar to cause
próximo/a next
proyecto project
prueba test, proof, evidence
publicar to publish
público/a public
pueblo town
pueblo town
puerta door
pues then, since, because
puesto position, place
punto point
puro/a pure
que that
qué what
quedar to stay
querer to want
quien who
quién who
quitar to remove, take away
quizá perhaps, maybe
radio radio
rápido/a rapid, quick
rato short while
razón\zones reason
real royal, real
realidad reality
realizar to make, realize
recibir to receive
reciente recent
recoger to gather, pick up
reconocer to recognize
recordar to remember, remind
recorrer to cross, travel through
recuerdo memory, remembrance
recuperar to recover
reducir to reduce
referir to refer
régimen regime
regresar to return, come back
reír to laugh
relación\ciones relation
religioso/a religious
repetir to repeat
representar to represent
resolver to solve
responder to answer
responsable responsible
respuesta answer
resto rest
resultado result, outcome
resultar to turn out, work out, succeed
reunión\niones meeting
reunir to unite, join
revista magazine
rey king
rico/a rich
riesgo risk
río river
rodear to surround, encircle
rojo/a red
romper to break
ropa clothes
rostro face
saber to know
sacar to remove, take out
sala room, living room
salida exit, departure
salir to leave, go out
sangre blood
secreto/a secret
sector sector
seguir to follow
según according to
segundo second
seguridad security
seguro/a safe
seis six
semana week
semejante similar
señalar to indicate, point out
señor/ñora sir/madam
sensación\ciones sensation, feeling
sentar to seat, sit
sentido/a heartfelt,sense
sentimiento feeling
sentimiento feeling
sentir to feel
separar to separate
ser to be
serie/ria series
serio serious
servicio service
servir to serve
sexo sex
sexual sexual
si if, yes
sido been
siempre always
siete seven
siglo century
significar to mean
siguiente following, next
silencio silence
simple simple
sin without
sino que but that
sino but, rather
sistema system
sitio place, site
situación\ciones situation
situar to locate
sobre envelope, on
social social
socialista socialist
sociedad society
sol sun
solo/a alone
sólo only
solución\ciones solution
sombra shadow
someter to subjugate
sonar to sound
sonreír to smile
sonrisa smile
sorprender to surprise
sostener to maintain, support, hold
su his
subir to raise
suceder to happen/ occur
suelo ground, floor
sueño dream
suerte luck
suficiente enough
sufrir to suffer
superar to surpass
superior superior
suponer to suppose
surgir to arise
suyo/a his/her/its
tal vez perhaps
tal so
también also, too
tampoco neither
tan so
tanto/a so much
tarde late
tarea homewrok
técnica technique
técnico/a technician
televisión\siones television
tema theme
temer to fear
tender to strech out
tener to have
teoría theory
tercer third
terminar to finish
término term
texto text
tía aunt
tiempo time
tierra earth
tío/tía uncle / aunt
tipo/a guy
tirar to throw
título title
tocar to touch
todavía still
todo/a everything
tomar to take, to drink
tono tone
total total
trabajar to work
trabajo job
traer to bring
tras after
tratar to try
tres three
tu your, you
último/a last
un/una a, an
único/a only
único only, unique
unidad unit
unir to unite
uno/una one
usar to use
uso use
usted you
utilizar to use
vacío/cía empty
valer to be worth
valor value
varias several
varios several
vecino/a neighbor
veinte twenty
velocidad speed
vender to sell
venir to come
ventana window
ver to see
verano summer
verdad truth
verdadero/a true
verde green
vestir to dress
vez\veces time
viaje travel
vida life
viejo/a old
viento wind
violencia violence
vista vision
vivir to live
vivo/a alive
voluntad will
volver to return
voz\voces voice
vuelta return
y and
ya que since
ya already
yo I
zona zone